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Edward Ivanov
Edward Ivanov

Where To Buy Eta Movements [UPDATED]

ETA SA Manufacture Horlogère Suisse (ETA SA Swiss Watch Manufacturer) designs and manufactures quartz watches and both hand-wound and automatic-winding mechanical ébauches and movements. Commonly referred to as ETA, the company is headquartered in Grenchen, Switzerland, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Swatch Group.

where to buy eta movements

Through a series of mergers, ETA has become the largest manufacturer of Swiss watch movements and controls a virtual monopoly over their production and supply. ETA has undergone several Swiss government investigations due to its market position. To resolve the concerns of Swiss government regulators, ETA has entered into an agreement that governs certain business practices.[citation needed]

ETA designs and manufactures mechanical and automatic watches, watch movements and watch ébauches. Although the company produces finished watches and movements, ETA specializes in the production of ébauche movements used both in watches of sister Swatch Group subsidiary brands and in the watches of competitors, including brands owned by Compagnie Financière Richemont S.A. and others. With the exception of hairsprings manufactured by sister company Nivarox, ETA maintains vertical control over the manufacturing of all of the components required to create a watch movement and therefore is considered a true manufacture d'horlogerie.

SSIH was founded in 1930 through the amalgamation of Omega and Tissot. By consolidating companies that produced high-quality movements and a number of watch brands, SSIH gradually established a strong position in the Swiss watch industry.

The Chronometer grade must meet strict standards prescribed by the COSC. Chronometer grade movements are serial numbered, as that is a requirement of the certification authority. Moreover, the degree of decoration on the movement's parts, generally only an aesthetic improvement, increases as well with the grade.[5]

The ETA 2892.A2 is usually found in the more expensive and prestigious watches and brands, and owing to its relatively slim height of 3.60 mm, the 2892.A2 is a favorite of watch brands that market complicated movements such as Breitling with its trademark chronograph (stop watches). The 2892 is also used in certain International Watch Company watches, including newer Ingenieur models introduced in 2013.[8]

Omega's Seamaster line of watches (including the Seamaster Professional 300) previously used an embellished version of the ETA 2892.A2 known as the Omega 1120. Later versions of the Seamaster used a proprietary coaxial escapement invented by George Daniels, an English horologist, and exclusively marketed by Omega, a sister company of ETA. The movement with the coaxial escapement is known as the Omega 2500 series and is derived from the ETA 2892. Later versions of the Seamaster "Planet Ocean" migrated from the Omega 2500 to a different coaxial escapement known as the Omega 8500 series with extremely high magnetic resistance. Current Seamaster Professional 300 models continue to use the Omega 2500 "D" series movements..

In 2003 the Swiss Competition Commission launched an investigation into the business practices of ETA SA after Nicolas Hayek, then chairman of ETA parent The Swatch Group Ltd., announced in 2002 that ETA would shortly stop supplying ébauches (partial watch movements) to companies outside The Swatch Group. Competitors complained that this would effectively put them out of business. Hayek countered that Swiss watch making companies must begin to invest in their own movement-making capabilities because it was detrimental to the long term health of the Swiss watchmaking industry to rely on one supplier, ETA, for the bulk of ébauche and parts production. The Swiss Competition Commission ordered ETA to continue supplying ébauches to companies outside The Swatch Group during the investigation.[14]

Although the 2005 decision has spurred some watchmakers to invest in the personnel and equipment necessary to produce movements in-house, heavy reliance on ETA continued. The original finding has been extended, with the Swiss Competition Commission ordering in July 2012 that based on 2010 supply levels, ETA may reduce the level of supplied movements by 30 per cent in 2014-2015, 50 per cent in 2016-2017 and by 70 per cent by 2018-2019. The number of Nivarox products that must be offered will be reduced gradually, dropping by 70 per cent by 2023. ETA hopes to eventually reach a market position where they are allowed to freely choose to supply or not to supply parts and ébauches to competitors based solely on ETA's discretion.[15]

The last time this threat appeared on the horizon of the modern watch industry (around 15 years ago), it spurred an era of creativity, leading to many brands searching out alternatives to the ubiquitous ETA movements that had been powering the majority of mechanical watches since the late 1980s, the end of the quartz crisis.

In the early days of the so-called mechanical renaissance, less than a handful of brands manufactured their own movements. This meant that almost every watch brand bought movements either from a third-party supplier like ETA or from the few brands that manufactured movements and were willing to share for economies of scale.

Larger brands, who have meanwhile adjusted to the whims of both Swatch Group/ETA and Comco, usually no longer depend solely upon ETA movements to power their watches, preferring to purchase ébauches from a variety of sources these days. While for them this will be an inconvenience leading to lower 2020 turnover and perhaps fewer individual watch models, it will not put them out of business.

Seiko has been selling movements to other manufacturers for decades now and is already a mainstay source of power for a variety of brands. Joshua wrote something about the already a couple of years ago: -sii-ne88-automatic-chronograph-movement-change-wind-archive/

There is another, potentially even uglier long-term result that could come of this. If there are not sufficient swiss-made movements available, then more small manufacturers may turn to some of the extremely reliable Japanese mechanical movements that are out there, and many people buying watches will not miss a beat. A long-term depreciation of the value of Swiss made movements is a potential that the Swatch company may well wish to avert.

If I were Fossil, I would be ramping up capacity to provide STP movements ASAP. Give their size, they are more likely than Sellita or Soprod to be able to fill a meaningful part of the gap if it comes to that.

Miyota have also made a shift away from offering hand-crank movements, which has been a disappointment for us, with our original USP being a hand-crank brand, and with manual winders being somewhat in-vogue again.You make your bed, as they say.

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ETA movements are highly regarded around the world for having very high quality standards since 1793 making them one of the world's largest manufacturers. There is a wide variety of ETA movements available in quartz and mechanical, each made with high precision and reliability. All Time Co. also have a large range of ETA movement parts available including mainsprings, rotor bearings, stems, setting levers, wheels and more.

The Valjoux 7750 takes a cue from many modern chronographs, with a heart piece limiter taking the place of the traditional column wheel. The heart piece limiter starts, stops, brakes, and resets the watch as needed. The modern version requires only two pushers for control, although the original coulisse-lever variants used three buttons. The heart piece lever also pivots, ensuring a highly accurate reset-to-zero function, both for the hour and minute hands. Earlier automatic movements did not have this feature, and were not 100 percent precise when resetting to zero.

In addition, Japanese watchmakers were already releasingearly quartz movements. Not only were these movements more accurate thantraditional automatics, but they were also significantly cheaper, which putpressure on watchmakers who wanted to compete at a low price point.

Hi Matthew,I would like to ask you if the Valjoux movements used in 80s Breitlings (17 Jewels Chronomats and Old Navitimers) were built in 1973-1975 or during the resurrection of 7750 in 1985 and later? It seems that they used old stocks from 70s. Am I right?

Great and informative article Matthew. Thank you for writing it.ETA/Valjoux 7750 is definitely a great movement in my opinion.I started using it in my Chronograph line in 2007 and I still do.Unidirectional wind, but still one of my favorite movements.It is definitely a workhorse.

Torsten, who is very active on the WUS Chinese watch forum, has asked me to compare three movements for him. The original, the ETA 2824-2, and the well known Sea-Gull ST2130, a Chinese clone, and the new Peacock SL3000, another Chinese clone.

Before taking the movements apart, I will inspect both Chinese movements and take some microscope shots, then take all three movements apart, clean everything, take some component shots under the microscope, and then put the three movements back together. I will then test the performance of all three movements on the timegrapher.

Good work and appreciate effort put in .I have a believed to be 2824 maybe a seagull or selitta sw200 ,no markings anywhere and my knowledge of movement gears limited.It loses 3 seconds a day consistently but different positions at night counters this so im not complaining.I dont handwind although have tried still no complaints IMO I got a good 1 . Its in a homage diver custom sterile dial .

Many thanks for this very informative review. I know very little about mechanical movements in my watches, but I am glad someone has taken the time to do it and come to conclusions with appropriate caveats! Thanks 041b061a72


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